[MR] * A Sourcelist & Bibliography on Period Glass & Beads

rmhowe MMagnusM at bellsouth.net
Thu Sep 12 21:52:38 PDT 2002

This was my project for the day, as usual it was inspired by
a question from a fairly new SCA member (for his friend as well).
If you see other things than just beads, well, that's because
some of you might be interested in other things as well.
A publication can be about more than glass and beads...
If the citations are a bit incomplete it's because I do
not own all of them. But a fair amount I do too.
The information is as complete as I can make it presently.
And as usual it doesn't contain all I have. I'll update
some time. For now this will do.

Personally, I am an infrequent enamelist. I took it several
times at the North Carolina State University Crafts
Center here in the U.S.. It's taught several times per
year. I've since bought all the equipment myself.
Separately, also in Raleigh are some famous other metalsmiths
and enamelists, but they teach evenings at Meredith College:
Advanced Gem Faceting, Metalsmithing with Mary Ann Scheer 
and Silver and Gold Cloisonne with Sydney Scheer. 
Mary Ann Scheer also invented a quick mass prodution method of 
asphaltum etching using a photographic process that they teach.
Etching is also taught at Pullen Park Crafts Center here along
with Metalsmithing, hydraulic press forming, etc.
If you live in or will visit the area of Jamestown, Yorktown,
and Willamsburg (our historical areas in Virginia, U.S.A.
There is a glass blower's cruck framed building in the 15/16th
Century style where you can watch and buy the blown glass
being made and annealed. It's on the road between the Federal
Jamestown Park and Museum, and the State Park which recreates
Jamestown Fort, an Indian Village, a Museum, shop, and three
ships of the style of the early 1600's.
There is a mailing list specifically for SCA glassworkers
and some of these people are really pretty good.  
Just send "subscribe" in the body of a message to 
compagnia-request at phosphor-ink.com
The SCA glassworker's list includes cold glass (stained glass, 
mosaic work, etching); warm glass (glass painting), and hot 
glass (lampworking, fusing, glassblowing, enamel).  
sca bead list <sca-bead at yahoogroups.com> this is another, I'm not 
on it but it was a citation I took down when it started.
A chat room specifically for 'Students, Academics, and Researchers'.
The invention of glassmaking - the fragile art.
Archaeological Studies of Glass
**** THE CD to have on Viking Beads. 
http://www.arkeodok.com/ $10. postpaid.
Nice folks, professional archaeologists in Sweden. Take a look
at their future CD projects.
If you happen to have a friend who's into Norse stuff they
might know someone who has an old copy of the World of the
Vikings CD from PastForward, who is attached to the 
Jorvik Viking Museum in York, England.  As far as I know
it's out of print unless you can come up with about a
hundred folks who want one, but it does have pictures of
Viking Bead making at a fire, with a warming annealing
pan and coated wire mandrels in it. BTW, it takes a
special QuickTime fix to run the thing that was obtainable
over the web from PastForward. The price of the thing in
the mid 80's was $100 but it had about 4000 pictures on
it. Never ran very well. 
Bead Struck: Sally Lewis, 715 W. Johnson St., Ste. 104, Raleigh, NC
Arab Boy: A fantastic glass worked whose only failing so far is 
not to attempt Saxon glass clawed beakers alone. I've seen his 
wonderful work bounced off of the ground for demonstration. 
Makes wonderful glass bowls, drinking horns and cups at reasonable
prices. Suitable for hanging lamps.
Historical Glassworks by Arab Boy
Jason Klein 
1600 Yale Place
Brick, N.J. 098723  (732) 458 1157 2/02
Jayter at aol.com
Currently in Florida 8/02 Write to the Brick Address.
(904) 476-8680 cell phone 2/02
Arrow Springs
http://www.arrowsprings.com/ Arrow Springs - Everything You Need For 
Flameworking Tools, Glass, Ovens, Supplies, Books, Videos and all the 
help you need.
The Bead Site: http://www.thebeadsite.com
FIRE MOUNTAIN GEMS.COM OR 1-800-423-2319 (bead company)
Frantz Art Bead and Supply http://www.frantzbead.com/
Frantz Art Glass & Supply
130 W. Corporate Road, Shelton, WA.  98584 
Mon-Fri:  8:00am - 4pm pst
Toll Free: (360) 426-6712 / (800) 839-6712
Store phone: (360) 426-2643 / fax: (360) 427-5866
supplies at frantzartglass.com 
For example they have the didymium and AUR glasses cheaper than
some. As my source on prices is a bit old I'll let you ask:
# 1004  Rose didymium glass with safety frames
#1640   "       " clip on lenses              
#1400   AUR-92 clip on lenses           
31409   AGW-186 clip ons                
A supplier in the UK that sells the correct period colours etc: 
http://www.hot-glass.co.uk    There is also a book on anglo-saxon 
beads, see below, as well as the cd on viking ones. Or:
http://www.arkeodok.com/ $10. which is direct from the originator.   
Hot Head Glass out of Illinois Oak Park, IL has a wide selection of 
colours in Moretti glass rod, many of which are AS and Viking 
appropriate colours.  Their phone number is 1-800-FIRED UP (347-3387).
   You can request a color chart of the Moretti glass rod they sell, 
which makes it easy to chose.  They also sell Hot Head torch heads, 
which enables you to use a MAPP gas canister to make beads.
Jewelry Resources Directory: 
http://www.geocities.com/j_knabel       jknabel at starband.net
Contemporary Lampwork Beads, Italian Glass Rods, & Bead Making Supplies
http://www.smartassglass.com/  Just for fun.
http://www.smartassglass.com/kervin_book.htm 8/02
Kerwin also wrote "More than You Ever Wanted to Know
about Glass Beadmaking (or some such) $40. I have it
somewhere. Similar to Tim McCreight on metalsmithing and 
Sundance Art Supply http://www.artglass1.com/   8/02
Call us! Remember our $50 minimum order. 
(except books and videos) 
888-446-8452 / 800-9HOTGLASS
2.FAX us at 650-965-9542 
3.E-Mail us at sundance at artglass1.com 
Duke Sir Finn of the Middle Kingdom got his Laurel in glass work.
So did Master Cip of Great Dark Horde residing in the Middle Kingdom.
Look them up on the Midrealm Laurels pages and bug the mess out
of them to teach you.
"Mistress Saexburga (the Laurel formerly known as Akatyiarina of the 
Winds--and I *know* I spelt that wrong) also does glass-blowing, and
will be at Pennsic merchanting as she always does." 
That's a quote folks. Which SCA kingdom she resides in I don't know.
"For a bibliography of bead research materials for the Viking Age, and 
some pictures of Viking Age beads and a few reconstructed necklaces, 
see:"  http://www.vikinganswerlady.org/vikbeads.htm 
My notes suggest that bone ash was used for a glass separator in
period. The method is apparently given in Cennini or Theophilus
as a way to make bone ash for inks. In a sealed pottery container
in a fire. Bone meal, used as a fertilizer is basically ground, raw
European Historical Glass and Jewelry Site: 
Seems to work only in the mornings. 
Turned off during Swedish nite
  'Glassmeen make a variety of ojects: cups, phials, pitchehers, 
  globular bottles, dishes, saucers, mirrors, animals, trees, 
  ships...' in: 
Agricola, Georgius: De Re Metallica; Dover, 672 pp., illustrations, 
soft cover, 1986. $21.95  "Originally published in 1556, it was the
book on mining to be based on field research and observation. It offers 
detailed technical drawings to illustrate the various branches of mining
and is the first realistic history of mining from ancient times to the
mid-sixteenth century. The book contains a wealth of information on 
alluvial mining, silver refining, smelting, surveying, timbering, and 
many other phases of metallurgy. This edition, reprinted from the 
translation by former President Herbert Hoover, includes all 289 of 
the original woodcut illustrations." http://store.doverpublications.com/
Allen, Denise: Roman Glass in Britain;   
ISBN 0747803730 (Shire Archaeology 76) 64 pp, 38 ills., £4.99. 
    "This book looks at the products of the Roman glass industry 
found in Britain, describing the vessels used in the province during 
four chronological periods.
    Techniques of manufacture and decoration, trade with other 
provinces, and the evidence for British production are also explored. 
In addition there is a brief guide as to where the best examples of 
Roman glass can be seen in museums in Britain.
    Denise Allen works with the collections of the Hampshire County
Council Museum Service and lectures both locally and on 
archaeological and classical study tours around the Mediterranean." 
American School of Prehistoric Research
Duke U. Library 571 A512B, No 41-42, 
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography, Harvard U. Bulletin 41
The Discovery of Glass - Experiments in the Smelting of Rich, Dry Silver 
Ores, an the Reproduction of Bronze-Age Type Cobalt Blue Glass as a
Slag; 1993
	(1) Evidence of Early European Glassmaking nd Metallurgy 
	Glass and Faience
	(2) Location of Metals in the Ancient World
	(3) Experiments and Ancient Methods of Metallurgy 
	Types of Ore
	Methods of Smelting
	(4) Ulu Burun Kas Shipwreck and Old Trading Routes
	(5) Lead Isotope analysis
	(6) Conclusions
	Origins of Cobalt Glass
	Trade Patterns
	- Summary
	- Ancient Smelting Fluxes
Allen, Denise: Roman Glass in Britain; 1998.
Amiranashvili, Shalva - Medieval Georgian Enamels of Russia. 
Trans. by Francois Hirsch and John Ross. 76 mounted color 
plates. 126pp. Large 4to, cloth,  N.Y. : Abrams, 1964.
The enamels in the Georgian National Museum of Fine Arts in
Tiflis, with descriptions of the processes of cloisonne, 
champleve, and repousse as well as the history, iconography and
execution of each piece. 
Andersson, Aron : Die Glasmalereien des Mittelalters in Skandinavien; 
Stockholm, 1964.; 321 pp. With 205 plates (30 col.) & 66 text-ills. 
Cloth. sm.folio. [stained glass] *Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi
(Means Glass painting in the Middle Ages in Scandinavia.)
Artsikhovskii, A.V. & Kolchin, B.A. (eds.): Trudy Novgorodskoi 
Arkheologicheskoi Ekspeditsii. Tom I. (Materialy i Issledovaniia po 
Arkheologii SSSR. 55.) 248, (2)pp. Prof. illus. Lrg. 4to. Cloth. 
Moskva (Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR), 1956.  
Novogorod I (Russia) 1956 Archaeological Study by Artsikhovsky,
stratigraphy and chronology by B. A. Kolchin, Pendant seals 51-4 by 
V.L. Yannin, Glass beads by Y.L. Shchapov. Kufic Coins by S.A. Yanina, 
Drains by Medvedev, Pottery by Smirnova.
Astrup, E.E. and A. G. Andersen: 'A Study of Metal Foiled Glass Beads
from the Viking Period' in: Acta Archaeologica 58, 1987, pages 222-8. 
Blair, John: Anglo-Saxon Oxfordshire; Sutton Publishing Ltd. / 
Oxfordshire Books, 1994/8, 230pp., 102 illustrations. 
decorative blue glass bowl (ca. 600); ISBN 0750917504 pb, £14.99
Boon, George C.: Gold in Glass Beads from the Ancient World (article); 
in Britannia 8, 1977, pp.193-207 and plates XV-VI, also includes a 
couple of in text drawings.  
Bray, Charles: Dictionary of Glass Materials and Techniques;  1995
Brown, Baldwin: The Arts in Early England, Vol. 4; John Murray, 1915 
Calmer, J.: "Trade Beads and Bead-trade in Scandinavia ca. 
800-1000 A.D." in Acta Archaeological Lundensia. 1977.
Clabburn, Pamela: Bead Work; Aylesbury, Bucks Shire Publications 
c.1980. Most Shires are forever in print. http://www.Shirebooks.com/
ISBN 085263529X. Color photo illustrated Paper cover. Approx. 
40 b/w photos. Half the book gives the history of beadwork and 
the other half is devoted to beadwork techniques, like bead crochet,
loom beading, canvas beading, beaded knitting, beading on a mould 
and a feston. 8 3/4" Tall; 32 pages.
Clark, John: Saxon and Norman London; The Museum of London, 1989. 
John Clark is in the Department of Antiquities (MoL), 48 page 
colour and black and white paperback, 1989, 1st printing, 
ISBN 0112904580 £3.95/US$6.78 plus shipping. Beads found in Cheapside.
Davidson, Hilda R. Ellis and Leslie Webster: The Anglo-Saxon Burial at 
Coombe (Woodnesborough), Kent. Medieval Archaeology 11, 1967, 
pp. 1-40 and Plates I-XIII. Originally excavated in 1845 by an amateur, 
the grave had two swords, a copper cauldron, a spear, glass and amber 
beads, and part of a brooch set with garnet or coloured glass, a glass 
cup and broken claw beaker. Depicted are: Multiple views of a migration 
era sword hilt with sword ring, highly decorated; Bronze bowl with 
footed bowl rest and handles; beads (not in color), part of a square 
headed anglo-saxon brooch; diagrams of cloth - a tablet woven border 
and a broken diamond twill cloth; details of animal style I ornament 
in southern England (13) from various sites;  4 examples of Style II 
animal ornament; 9 examples of interlaced ornament from England and
the continent (strapends, buckle, etc.); a photo of a belt mount with 
interlaced ornament;  textiles section by Elizabeth Crowfoot. An
find is discussed and depicted - Stodmarsh, Kent - two buckles, four 
brooches, a five holed spoon with an inlaid garnet in bezel, a large
of beads (all in B&W photo). Finds all appear to be sixth century.
Dubin, Lois Sherr: The History of Beads from 30,000 B.C. to the Present;
1987, New York, Harry N. Abrams, ISBN 0810907364. 
Engle, Anita: The Ubiquitous Trade Bead - Readings in Glass History 
No. 22, Sept. 1990; Phoenix Publications, Jerusalem, P.O.Box 1890. 
(Duke U Library 666.109. R287 No 22) Small Paperback.
Evison Vera 'Some Vendel, Viking and Saxon glass' in: 
B Hardh, L Larsson et al (eds) Trade and Exchange in Prehistory /
Acta Archaeologia Lundensia_ 16 (1988) 237_45.
Evison, V: Anglo-Saxon Finds near Rainham, Essex, with a Study of Glass 
Drinking-horns;  Archaeologia 96, 1955. 38pp, 12figs, 11b/w pls, 
pp. 159-98 and plates LIX-LXX, last plate is the Torrs Chamfrein 
(horse mask) which uses drinking horn ends as horns. A-S Square-headed 
brooch, glass whorls, girdle hanger, coopered bronze-bound drinking 
vessels, diagrams of pattern welded swords, shield bosses, pottery 
cups (4), spearheads, round mouthed pitchers, pots, gold pendant, 
36 views of mostly different drinking horns.  
Evison, Vera: Anglo-Saxon Glass Claw-beakers; Archaeologia 107, 
1982, pp. 43-76 plus plates IV-XIII, with numerous cross sections 
and additional illustrations in text and large two page bibliography. 
Large format. 8gbp.
Evison, Vera: Early Anglo-Saxon Applied Disc Brooches, Part I, 
On the Continent, Antiquaries Journal 58, 1978, pp. 88-102, 
plate XXXXI-II.
Evison, Vera: Early Anglo-Saxon Inlaid Metalwork, Reprinted from the
Antiquaries Journal, Vol XXXV, Jan-Apr. 1955, Numbers 1-2.  pp. 20-45 
and plates III - IX. 5 variously viewed objects - two spears, three 
buckles; 24 radiographs (items not otherwise depicted generally) of 
a spear, various inlaid buckles, purse-mounts; pictures of Croydon 
tubular object, purse mount, inlaid and repouse plates (for belts?); 
buckle and heart shaped plate; inlaid bronze strap ends; High Down 
slide animalistic head ends; buckle plates, remains of knife and sheath.
Evison, Vera: Further Anglo-Saxon Inlay; Antiq. Journal 38, 1958,
Evison, Vera: Sugar Loaf Shield Bosses, Antiquaries Journal 43,  
1963; 59pp, pp. 38-96 and 40 figures - usually depicting multiple 
drawn objects, maps of 	provenance, 88 shield bosses of varying shapes,
some shield struts, reconstruction of shield from Thetford, Norfolk; 
sword from Boar’s Lowe, Tissington, Derbyshire; shield grips, spear 
heads and a ferrule, pans similar to bosses, Bronze garnet inlaid 
pyramid, knife blades, two glass cups and a glass vessel, belt buckles,
silver rims for the Alton coopered wooden drinking vessels, the Alton 
Buckle, iron clips, a purse mount, comb, bone strip holed at the ends,
one shear blade, gold filigree open work brooch with garnets, pot, 
glass counters, seax (sax) pommel. 
Guido, Margaret: Glass Beads of Anglo-Saxon England C AD 400-700, 
A Preliminary Visual Classification of the More Definitive and 
Diagnostic Types; Boydell Press for the Society of Antiquaries of
1999, Printed by St. Edmundsbury Press, Ltd., Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk.
361pps. and 8 color plates, distribution maps, and a type page. 
Tremendous Number of Sites and Bibliography cited. It is a scholarly
for the identification of beads from this time period.
ISBN 085157181 / ISSN 09537163
Boydell Press Boydell and Brewer Ltd. 
P.O. Box 9, Woodbridge, Suffolk IP12 3DF, UK and @ 
P.O. Box 41026, Rochester, N.Y., 14604-41026 USA
Is, or was, available through http://www.thebeadsite.com/
Forbes, R.J.: Studies in Ancient Technology - In it's nine volumes it 
should include a great deal on most technologies of the Ancient World. 
I am relatively sure glass is in Volume 5.
Gardner, Paul Vickers: Glass; LoC # 78-62735  (This one doesn't have an
Giberson, Jr., Dudley F.: "A Glassblower's Companion"; The 
Joppa Press, ISBN 0966571304, "It includes all sorts of nifty 
info on equippment for glassblowing, including a beadmaking 
furnace based on or similar to something from 1500 B.C. Iraq."
Glass Beads, Cultural History, Technology, Experiment and Analogy. 1995
Grose, D.: EARLY ANCIENT GLASS; 1989. Core-Formed, Rod-Formed and Cast 
Vessels and Objects from the late Bronze Age to the early Roman Empire,
1600 BC to AD 50. Toledo Museum of Art. Lge 4to, 453pp, Profusely 
illustrated. A magnificent book.
Harden, D.B.: GLASS OF THE CAESARS; 1987. Card cvrs, 4to 313pp. 
Profusely illustrated. Superb catalogue of Roman glass. 
Corning Museum of Glass.
Hawkes, C.F.C.: The Wearing of the Brooch: Early Iron Age Dress 
among the Irish; pp. 51-73 of Studies on Early Ireland - Essays in
Honour of M.V. Duignan, edited by B.G.Scott, Belfast, 1982. 
Contains many drawings of Brooches, beads and bone pins, also 
depictions (13) of early Dress from a Halstatt, Austria, 
Bronze sword scabbard, and a piece of a metal statue depicting 
a Roman trophy with Britain and Partian prisoners (2). Three and 
a third page bibliography, large format. Offprint 
Haynes, E Barrington: GLASS THROUGH THE AGES;
1970, revised edition. Card covers, 310pp 96 plts + ills in text. 
Includes a section on glassmaking in England plus 100 pp. dealing with 
English drinking glasses of the 18th Century classified by stem 
formation. Eminently useful and considered "the most authoritative 
work on the subject of glass and glass collecting".
Harden, D.B. - Table-glass in the Middle Ages - 35-46. In:
Rotterdam Papers II, A Contribution to Medieval Archaeology
Teksten van lezingen, gehouden tijdens het Symposium ‘Woning en 
huisraad in de Middeleeuwen’ te Rotterdam, van 20 t/m 22 maart 1973. 
Uitgegeven onder redactie van J.G.N. Renaud, Rotterdam 1975.
H.J.E. van Beuningen (editor) - 
Hasluck, Paul N.: Traditional Glassworking Techniques; 
ISBN: 0486255972,  $7.25. Reprint of an old work from around
the turn of the last century.
HEIREMANS, M.: 20th Century Murano Glass: From Craft to Design.
Arnoldsche, 1996. 232pp, 186 colour illustrations.  
Price: £ 45.00 (approx. US$ 64.66) Text in English, German and Flemish. 
"This book looks at the development of Murano glass between 1910 and 
1970. The objects, mainly vases, bowls and figurines show the designers 
wealth of ideas and the full use of colour."                   
HEIREMANS, Marc: Art Glass from Murano - Glas-Kunst aus Murano - 
1910 -1970; Stuttgart 1993, 376pp, 268 colour, 55 b&w illustrations.
"This beautifully illustrated book shows 290 masterpieces from the 
archives at Murano and museums and private collections around Europe, 
America and Japan. Detailed photographs allow a close study of the 
technical details of this specialised Murano Art, whilst accompanying
authoritative text focuses on the details of glass making. 
£ 92.00 (approx. US$ 132.18)
Henderson, Julian and Ingegerg Holland: The Glass from Borg, 
An Early Medieval Chieftan's Farm in Northern Norway; Medieval 
Archaeology 36, 1992. pp. 29-58 and plates I-II, illustrations,
chemical analyses, and bibliography. 
Holmquist, Wilhelm: Swedish Vikings on Helgo and Birka; 
Studio Granath, Stockholm for the Swedish Booksellers' Assn, Printed in
Sweden by Falts Trykeri, Varnamo, 1979, ISBN 9197038911
Contains a great deal of mostly color pictures of Viking and pre-Viking
jewelery and metalwork and beads. Also includes a view of a
chest with the original hardware in place. One lock depicted. 140 pages.
Hughes, M. J. (Brit. Mus. Research Lab): A Technical Study of 
Opaque Red Glass of the Iron Age in Britain; in Proceedings of 
the Prehistoric Society, Vol. 38, 1972, pp.98-106 including a 
half page bibliography on historic glass work. Covers the analyses
of 33 objects from Britain from the first century B.C. to the 
second century A.D.
Jargstorf, S: Glass Beads from Europe, with Price Guide; US 1996. 
4to (21x28cm), 16Opp 475 colour photos Mint. Phoenician, Celtic, 
Viking, Venetian, African, Bavarian, Bohemian, Dutch, French 
and Russian styles. 
Kampfer, F. & Beyer, K.G.: GLASS A WORLD HISTORY - The Story of 
4000 Years of fine Glass-Making; 1966, 315pp, 243 plts (40 colour).
A scholarly history of fine glass making - a standard work.
The Keir Collection of Medieval Works of Art; Sotheby's 
Thursday, November 20, 1997,  HB, about 270 pp.. 
Consists very heavily of mostly colored pictures of a variety
of Medieval enamels. Includes an Aquamanile, censers, and 
boxes of various sorts. I bought mine from Hacker Art Books. 
I can't guarantee that they are still selling it, but you could
try... #7336 $29.95 + shipping www.hackerartbooks.com 212-754-2554
Klein, Dan, and Ward Lloyd: The History of Glass; ISBN 0-517-68910 3 
Knowles, John A.: The Transition from the Mosaic to the Enamel 
Method of Painting on Glass; Offprint from the Antiquaries 
Journal, Jan. 1926, Vol. VI, No. 1., pp.26-35 discusses transition,
no pictures in text.
Lundström, Agneta: Bead Making in Scandinavia in the Middle Ages: 
Early Medieval Studies 9; Almqvist & Wiksell International Stockholm; 
ISBN: 9174020145. Paperback - 25 pages "An archeological study 
focusing on the investigation of the, "various groups of material 
which are of importance for bead making" based on the findings in 
two, "early Nordic nucleated settlements," Helgö in Lake Mälar and 
Paviken on Gotland. Also discussed is, "the role of the different 
groups of material in the technical process of bead making," and 
a discussion on, "which beads can be described as the manufactured 
products of the various sites" is included. (from pages 3 and 4). 
A listing of related literature is available, but most sources 
are not in English.
Lundstrom, A.: Excavations at Helgo VII: Glass, Iron, Clay. 
Kungliga Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, Stockholm,
Mainman, A.J. and N.S.H. Rogers: Craft, Industry and Everyday 
Life, AY 17/14 : Finds from Anglo-Scandinavian York; 2000. 220pp; 
5 half-tones; 17 colour plates; 93 line-illustrations; 
ISBN 1902771117; £28.00. This report presents evidence for 
metalworking, glass working, jet and amber working and textile
production in Anglo-Scandinavian York. 
Please send cheques (sterling only) with your order, made payable
to York Archaeological Trust, to C. Kyriacou at Cromwell House, 
13 Ogleforth, York, YO1 7FG. We accept Mastercard and Visa. 
We now have an on-line order form (which can also be printed/faxed).
For further information contact YAT by telephone (01904 663000), 
fax (01904 663024) or  e-mail (postmaster at yorkarch.demon.co.uk).
webmaster at yorkarch.demon.co.uk gets orders when submitted.
Please add 10% for UK and 20% for elsewhere, to your total bill to cover
postage and packing. http://www.yorkarchaeology.co.uk/index.htm
Mariacher, Giovanni: Glass from Antiquity to the Renaissance;  
ISBN 600338083
Marshall, Jo: GLASS SOURCE BOOK; 1990. 4to, 192pp., Richly illustrated 
survey of the world's great glass-making traditions, period by period
Maryon, Herbert: Metalwork and Enamelling;  5th Edition (1971), 
Dover 22702-2, xii + 335pp., 300+ figures, 36 photographs with 
notes, bibliography, tables, notes. Gold on Silver Gilding with 
Mercury Amalgam on page 262. There are thirty pages of enamelling
instructions in it. This man restored many of the great treasures
of the British Museum. Well worth having. A true classic.
McWhirr, by Alan: Roman Crafts and Industries; Shire Archaeology 
24, 1982/88, ISBN 085263594X, 64pp., £2.95 / $6.36. Contents: 
Preface, metals; stone; brick, tile, and pottery; textiles and 
leather; glass; other crafts; further reading; monuments and 
museums to visit; index. http://www.Shirebooks.com/
Netzer, Nancy: Medieval Objects in the Museum of Fine Arts,
Boston: Distributed by Northeastern University Press, P.O. Box
116, Boston, Massachussetts, U.S.A., 200 pages, 17 color and 
126 b&w illustrations. ISBN 0878463267 HB, ISBN 0878463275 PB. 
Contains a number of enameled metalwork pieces, including an 
aquamanile (a container for washing hands at high table. 
(You scruffy Saxons don't need one. It would only confuse you.)
It also contains a technical paper entitled: Materials and
Techniques of the Medieval Metalworker by Richard Newman, 
Research Scientist. This is quite sizable and contains chemical
proportions for alloys in different periods.
Neuburg, Frederic: ANCIENT GLASS; 1962, cloth hardback binding, 4to, 
110pp + 101 plates + 10 colour. Traces the history of glass-making 
from Egypt 2000 BC through to the Roman and Byzantine Empires. 
A standard reference work.
Newton, R.G., and Colin Renfrew: British Faience Beads Reconsidered; 
in Antiquity XLIV, 1970, pp.199-206 including a partial page 
bibliography. No illustrations. Takes up the pre-Childe attitude 
that British and Scottish beads of the Bronze Age were locally 
manufactured on the basis of spectrographic analysis. 
Nicholson, Paul T.: Egyptian Faience and Glass; Shire Egyptology 18, 
1993, 80pp, card cover, Color covers and B&W Illustrations, book is 
evenly split pagewise as to glass and faience. ISBN 0747801959. 
$10.60. http://www.Shirebooks.com/
Norman, Barbara: GLASS ENGRAVING; NY, 1981, 189pp & 59 plts. A 
comprehensive and well illustrated survey of the various methods of
engraving on glass.
O'Neill, John P.(Editor): Enamels of Limoges: 1100-1350; Metropolitan
Museum of Art, published by Harry N. Abrams, New York, 1996.  
ISBN 0870997599 paperback. I have the hardback, and it's a stunner.
Osborne, June: STAINED GLASS IN ENGLAND; 1981. Hardback. 4to, 224 pages,
88 colour illustrations. A general history plus a guide listing 1500 
churches etc. - county by county. 
Osborne, June STAINED GLASS IN ENGLAND; 1993. 270pp.,  Well illustrated 
including 32 colour plates. A standard reference work. Revised and 
updated edition.
Philippe, Prof Dr. Joseph: GLASS: HISTORY AND ART - From the Beginnings 
until Today; 1982. Card covers. VG 8to 150 pages. Profusely illustrated 
with 272 plates of which 28 are in colour. The author is Director of 
the Liege Museum of Glass.
Popular Science Monthly (Editorial Staff of ) Book of Formulas - 
Recipes, Methods & Secret Processes; Poplular Science 
Publishing Company, New York; originally 1932, 11th edition 1939;
250 pages.  Adhesives; Art and Decoration - Etching on metals; 	
dyes for wools, silk and cotton; Cements of many types for many craft
processes; Cosmetics; Fireworks. Mildew remover from canvas, How 
to bleach beeswax, making metal polishes, removing stains from 
porcelain, Making many types of soaps and starches at home, 
Water-glass or Silicate Soap, Fun with Chemistry - Chemical 
Amusements, Fairy Flames from Chemicals, Compounds that flame, 
Making corks acid proof / softening old corks, Tempering and 
Hardening; Furnace or Forge Clay, Blowing permanent bubbles, 
Lacquers for Brass, adherants, metal lacquers, Bookbinder’s Lacquer, 
Metal Colorants and Solutions for Patinas, Amalgams of Gold, 
Copper, and Sodium; Metal that expands on cooling; Protecting 
Metal from Rust; Removing Varnish from Metal, Thermite Welding, 
Low melting alloys, How to make pewters, Yellow Metal Alloys, 
White Metal Alloys, German Silver, Bell Metals, Cymbals and Gongs 
- composition and making, Organ Metal, Speculum Metal for Mirrors,
Silver Plating, Tin on Iron, * Enamels made from waterglass and 
colorants, * Enamelling Metals. Perfumes. solders for many metals.
Varnish and Shellac Recipes, How Japanning is Done, Recipes for 
Japan Varnishes, Bleaching out wood stains, Walnut stain for wood,
Ebony Stain, Basic Stain and Colors, Varnish for aluminum or bronze
to wood. To darken the stain, Easy dyes for Wood. Logwood stains,
Wood fillers. * Working on Glass - Making glass - various colors, 
Staining glass, Silvering glass, mirrors, and globes. Varnish for 
mirrors, Etching on glass, Frosting on glass, to pulverize glass 
(often used in making enamels). Transferring photos to glass.
Making Picture Mirrors, Electroplating Glassware, Marking Glassware.
Tables and Useful Information: Easily fusible Alloys:
Melting points of Alloys. Popular, Archaic and Trade Names of 
Chemicals. Elements and their symbols.
Converting Metric to English Measurements.
I left in -some- of the other information besides glass - about 40%.
Hardback, 141pp Plus 104 full page plates illustrating many items. 
Victoria and Albert Museum.
If you ever wondered what truly magnificent glazed and gilded
mosaic work looks like you should obtain the following book:
Ravenna, Capital of Mosaic book is extremely well photographed 
in color. 160 pages. PB. ISBN 88-7193-325-7. My copy is 1990, 
and it looks to be one of those very good books you get when 
touring some European cities. So I expect it is in print. 	
   Appears to be a multiple language edition in English. 262 
photographs of the City. Publisher Italcards Editions, Bologna, 
Italy. Exclusive Rights For Ravenna: Cartolibreria Salbaroli, 
Via Gamba, Ravena tel. 	0544/32032. Price was 12,000 Italian Lire.
There is nothing lacking in the photographs. They're gorgeous. 
The famous mosaics of Justinian and Theodora are here, and most
of the work is Byzantine in flavor. They look like glass tesserae
to me. 
Richards, Julian D.: Viking Age England; Tempus Publishing Ltd., 
The Mill, Brimscombe Port, Stroud, Gloucestershire, GL5 2QG UK; 
PB 190pp., ISBN 0752414895 £14.99. Illus: Viking finds 	including
two latticed Viking Berdahl Brooches, a sword, spearhead, beads,
pendant, axe.
Roesdahl, Else: The Vikings in England and in Their Danish Homeland, 
Exhibition Catalog, (with James Graham-Campbell, Patricia, Connor 
and Kenneth Pearson) Publ. by Anglo-Danish Viking Project, London 
1981, 192 pp. Pb, Color and b&w photos of metalwork, weapons, 
jewelry, daily items, beads, coinage, houses, ships, costume, 
combs, maps, bone and antler items, whetstones, dies, 
Bamberg Casket - Kunigunde's Jewel Box, spoons, frying pan, horn mounts,
and sculpture - architectural and memorial, and amber.
Sarpellon, Giovanni MINIATURE MASTERPIECES Mosaic Glass l838-1924
1995. Lge 4to 192pp 1084 illustrations (1073 in colour). The 
standard work on the revival of mosaic glass work on Murano in the 
19th and early 20th C.
Scull, Christopher, with many assorted other authors: 
Excavation and Survey at Watchfield, 1983-32; Arch. Journal 149, 
1992, pp.124-281. Includes many photographs and drawings of an 
early Anglo-Saxon Cemetery and it’s inhabitants and their 
possessions from the Vale of the White Horse. 
Some finds are neolithic to medieval, one is 1700’s knife handle, 
other finds include *glass and bone beads, brooches, weapons, 
shield rivets, handles and umbos, a deteriorated leather scabbard 
and a scale case made of leather with scales and weights and 
inscription, cauldron bits and fittings, tweezers, knives, buckles,
saucer brooches and one’s construction, ear spoon, square headed
brooches, amber, dress pins, skeletal remains with analysis,
remains of horn handle for sword, electron pictures of grooves 
cut in carnelian by a bow drill, reconstructions of the pattern 
welded sword blades (similar to Sutton Hoo but not quite as 
complex, nine page bibliography. Most things are drawn and not 
photographed in the text. Excellent coverage of most materials and 
discussions of specific fields of items by specialists.
Sen and Chaudhuri: Ancient Glass and India;   
(Duke U. Library 666.10954 S474) 1985
History of Sciences in India, Indian Natural Sciences Academy, 
Bhadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi, East End Printers, 3 Dr. Suresh 
Sarkar Rd., Calcutta 700 014.
Shortland, Andrew J.: Vitreous Materials at Amarna: The Production
of Glass and Faience in 18th Dynasty Egypt. BAR International 
Series.  Publisher: 2000, 184pp with 47 monochrome plates and 7
colour and 93 monochrome illustrations. Wrappers 30 x 21cms. 
Scholarly study of the technical processes involved in the 
manufacture of glass and faience on the site of Amarna, capital
city of Egypt during the 18th Dynasty. With definitions of the 
chemical structure and physical properties of the media and 
in-depth analyses of the methods.
Singer's History of Technology Volume I and II cover the Ancient to 
Renaissance Worlds. III begins the industrial Revolutions. Most 
Libraries carry this one.    
Singh, R.N.: Ancient Indian Glass - Archaeology and Technology; 
(Duke U. Library 666. 109564 S617 AS541)  1989
Parimal Publications, Delhi,  India; UBSPD / UBS Publisher's 
Distributors Ltd., 5 Ansari Rd., New Delhi, India 110002   
Phone 273601-04
Sotheby Auction Catalogue FINE NETSUKE AND OJIME from the H.G Beasley 
Collection 1984. Card covers. Sold on Behalf of the Executors of the 
Late Miss M.A.Beasley. 46 pages. 17 black and white plates and 5 full 
page colour plates featuring nearly 200 items in the sale. 
Netsuke are carved 'toggles' for accessories for Japanese costume
and are not glass. Ojime are beads of many materials that slide on
the cords and a very high art form.
1979. Card cvrs VG 4to 34pp Fully illustrated in colour and black and
Society of Antiquaries of London: Archaeologia; or, Miscellaneous Tracts
Relating to Antiquity, Volume CVII, London, 1982, pp.222,
plates. Includes Anglo-Saxon Glass claw-beakers; The stained glass of
Chapel of the Vyne and the Chapel of the Holy Ghost, Basingstoke. 
**This one is currently on sale ($15) at Barnes and Noble on 
  the Bargain Shelves, at least in Cary, NC, USA, http://www.bn.com/ :
Stern, E.Marianne & Schlick-Nolte, Birgit: EARLY GLASS OF THE ANCIENT 
WORLD, 1600 B.C. - A.D.50; 1994. Card covers. The Ernesto Wolf 
Collection. 4to, 432 pages, 116 pages of scholarly text with over 
200 monochrome plates, plus over 200 colour plates of catalogue 
items with extensive descriptions of each piece.  $80
The Ernesto Wolf Collection (Exhibit Catalog) apparently is the largest 
glass collection of its kind in Europe. The first hundred and fifteen 
pages are glass techniques. This is the period where most of the 
millefiore and cane, and other glass techniques like mosaics and 
colors were developed. The first hundred plus pages depicts these
The last nearly three hundred depicts various pieces of high quality 
early glasswork. Egyptian through Roman eras.
Tait, Hugh (edited by): Glass 5,000 Years; published by Harry M. Abrams,
Incorporated, New York, 1991, ISBN 0810933616
1979. Hardback., 4to, 135 pages. Profusely illustrated, British Museum.
Theophilus: On Divers Arts  Circa 1122. New York, Dover Publications, 
Inc., 1979. ISBN 0-486-23784-2 Hawthorne, John and Smith, Cyril 
Stanley (trans.) includes 12th century glasswork and metalwork 
instructions. http://store.doverpublications.com/
Its Origin and Development in the United Kingdom; 1907. Hardback. 
175 pages + 48 full page plates. Out of period but might be of use.
Tyson, Rachel Caroline: Medieval Glass Vessels in England AD 1200-1500,
A Survey; University of Durham, 1996.
Ward Perkins, J B.: London Museum Medieval Catalogue 1940. Anglia 
Publishing, 1993. Catalogue of the wide-ranging collection: weapons, 
tools, horse furniture, pendants, keys, purses, weights, lighting, 
household utensils, plates, pottery, tiles, pilgrim souvenirs, 
buckles, chapes, figures, wood, bone, ivory, glass, pipeclay, 
whetstones, seals. 322pp, illustrated boards, profusely illustrated 
with photos and drawings. New. Book # 16 £24.50 (approx. $38.89) 
Anglia Publishing , Unit T, Dodnash Priory Farm Hazel Shrub, 
Bentley, Ipswich, United Kingdom , IP9 2DF  
Phone 01473 311138 / Fax 01473 312288, anglia at anglianet.co.uk  ('99) 
Waterman, Dudley M.: Late Saxon, Viking, and Early Medieval Finds 
from York; in Archaeologia 97, 1959, pp. 59-105. Includes bronze 
bowl, knives, axes, spears, swords, sword chape, arrowhead, horse 
furniture (bits, spurs, stirrups), strapends, hooks, brooches, 
pendants, pins, bone pins and bodkins, wooden and bone spoons, 
bone combs and cases, oak casket with bone mounts, ornamental 
bonework including flutes, worked antler, spindle whorls, jet objects
(gamepiece, pendant, whorl), *glass beads, linen smoothers, amber, stone 
whetstones and line sinker, pottery vessels and lamps, shears.  
Weathered, Newton: Mediaeval Craftsmanship and the Modern Amateur -
More Particularly with Reference to Metalworking and Enamelling; 
with illustrations; Longmans, Green and Co., 39 Paternoster Row,
London, EC4. New York, Toronto, Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras; 
1923. Printed in Great Britain. $18.45
 Has a nicely tooled book cover and clasp in it along with a 
number of other projects like boxes, a cross, jewelry, a lamp, 
repoussee, etc. 
 Joining of metals, Enamelling: Cloisonn'e, Plaque work, 
Grisaille, Enamelling in Relief, Plique a jour. Manipulation of
sheet metal. Theophilus and the Renaissance. On Lustre.
Etruscan Grain Work in Gold. Niello and some Trivialities: 
Niello, Jewellery, Foil Impressions; Glass Gems, Casting in Metal,
Suggestions of Colour for Woodwork, Gesso, Casting in Clay.
 His projects were: a Russian Morse (cross pendant); Silver and 
enamel cross; Enamelled dish; enamelled cup; Brass and enamel 
casket; Cloisonn'e Enamel; Silver Box; Brass and Enamel Box; 
Painting in Grisaille; Casket; Candlestick with enamel panels; 
Copper box - six sided; Copper box - enamelled; Two silver 
boxes; silver box; Silver repouss'e; paper knife; Gothic spoon; 
Book cover - leather and enamel; From an engraving by Etienne 
de Laune; Neillo Cover; Brooches; Comb Ornament; Glass Cast 
and Mounted in Silver and Enamel; Pewter Cast. These are 
illustrations of the finished projects from the techniques he 
has discussed with are not otherwise depicted in process. 
  It does a lot of comparisons of techniques from Theophilus 
and Cennini to then (1923) available materials and techniques. 
For discussion of techniques it is somewhat similar to the 
better technically illustrated Metalwork and Enamelling by 
Herbert Maryon (the guy who did a lot of the restoration work 
for the major British finds of the earlier part of the last 
century). 150 pages with a lot of examples and discussions of
making medieval replicas. No original antiquities depicted though. 
  For those of you interested in working with the techniques 
of 75 years ago it may well be worth searching out. I've had 
time to peruse it but not read it thoroughly. Some of the
techniques were rather unique I thought. The man did experiments
simulating the medieval techniques and records his experiences.
Welch, Martin: Anglo-Saxon England; English Heritage PB Edition, 
Batsford, 1992-2000, ISBN 0713465662. 144pp., 91 illustrations,
appendices, 2 1/2 page 	bibliography. Dress practices with 
placement of brooches, two phases of objects by 50 year periods 
475-575 and how the objects changed, wooden bed from Swallowcliffe
Down, bronze hanging bowl, a replica of Childeric’s signet seal 
ring, 7th C. Gold pins and chain set with garnets in the pin 
heads and a glass center boss, Gold and Garnet beads and gold 
wire beads from Roundway Down, reconstruction of the Sutton Hoo
ship burial stating that a leather jerkin with gold shoulder 
clasps was suspended from the chamber roof,  reconstructions of
Saxons living amongst Roman ruins, reconstruction of a fifth 
century Roman officer’s broad belt from Dyke Hills at Dorchester.
Wessel, Klaus. Byzantine Enamels from the 5th to the 13th century; 
1967. 23 colour plates; 133 black & white. "A comprehensive selection
of important pieces illustrates the development of the art of enamel..."
The Westerly Trade of Southeast Asia from c. 440 BC to c. 500 AD - 
with Special Reference to Glass Beads. 1991
1992. Hardback VG 93pp Profusely illustrated monograph.
Winter, Edward: Enamel Painting Techniques, Glass Fused on Metal, 
Praeger Publishers, NY, Washington, 1970, copyright in London.
86 pages, with 118 (often multiple) picture plates.
Youngs, Susan: The Work of Angels: Masterpieces of Celtic 
Metalwork, 6th-9th Centuries AD; Edited by Susan Youngs, 
ISBN 0292790589 British Museum Publications 1989. University 
of Texas Press (first Edition published 1990) P.O. Box 7819, 
Austin, TX 78713-7819. Has enameled work in it.
Zerwick, Cloe: A Short History of Glass; ISBN 0-8109-3801-4 
Well, it's been a busy evening and the short one is waiting
for me to come to bed.  Seriously, folks, I need the acupressure
before she falls over. Bye for now. You're a nice audience but
you can't do that for me over there... ;)

Master Magnus Malleus, OL / © 2002 R.M. Howe
*No reposting my writings to newsgroups, especially rec.org.sca, or
the SCA-Universitas elist. I view this as violating copyright
restrictions. As long as it's reenactor or SCA -closed- subscriber
based email lists or individuals I don't mind. It's meant to 
help people without aggravating me.* Permission to post in the
Florilegium granted as always. 
*If you want to reach me place an * asterisk before the Subject line.
I read by list and not by date.

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